Famagusta was known in antiquity as  Arsinoe after Arsinoe II of Egypt, and was mentioned by this name in Geographica by Strabo. In 1192 started Lusignan rule when the city flourished. In 1570–1571 Famagusta was the last stronghold of Venetians against the Turks. Today is part of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in Gazimağusa District, of which it is the capital.
Larnaca's salt lake fills with water during the winter season and is visited by flocks of flamingoes who stay there from November until the end of March. It usually dries up in the summer.
Church of Saint Lazarus is named after New Testament figure Lazarus of Bethany, the one which Jesus raises him from the dead. It is said to have lived for thirty more years and on his death was buried there for the second time.The church was built over the (second) tomb of Lazarus.
At the medieval Limassol castle archaeological investigation revealed that it was built over an christian basilica (4th century CE) and a  byzantine monument (10th century CE). Other finds beneath the castle witness the existence of an important church, possibly the city's first cathedral.
Founder of Amathus city was king Cinyras, linked with the birth of Adonis, who called the city after his mother Amathous. A cult sanctuary of Aphrodite was the second most important in Cyprus, her homeland, after Paphos.
Not one king was in fact buried here, the tombs belonged to Paphitic aristocrats and high officials. The majority date back to the 4th century BC and were carved out of natural rock.
In Nicosia there was a Cathedral of Saint Sophia, a former Roman Catholic cathedral converted today into a mosque, and located in North Nicosia. It is the main mosque of the city. Selimiye Mosque is housed in the largest and oldest surviving Gothic church in Cyprus (interior dimensions are 66 X 21 m) possibly constructed on the site of an earlier Byzantine church.
Kyrenia Castle at the east end of the old harbour is a spectacular site. The castle dates back to Byzantine times and has served the Byzantines, Crusaders, Venetians (who also build the huge round towers in 1540's), Ottomans and British. Within its walls there is a 12th-century chapel and a shipwreck museum.
Salamis an ancient Greek city-state on the east coast of Cyprus, at the mouth of the river Pedieos. According to tradition, the founder of Salamis was Teucer, son of Telamon, who could not return home after the Trojan war because he had failed to avenge his brother Ajax who was killed by Hector Prince of Troy