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eupribeag
     Wandering through Europe... this time from east to west.

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Cesme was an ancient Greek city in Classical antiquity named Kyssos, under the Romans was named Cysus. It lies across a strait facing the Greek island of Chios, which is only a few miles' away.
İzmir's Clock Tower, a beautiful marble tower in the middle of the Konak district, standing 25 m in height.
It was designed by Levantine French architect Raymond Charles Père in 1901 to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the ascension of Abdülhamid II to the Ottoman throne in 1876. The clock's workings were given as a gift by the German Kaiser Wilhelm II, a political ally.
Roman Agora of Smyrna is well preserved, and is arranged into the Agora Open Air Museum, although important parts buried under modern buildings wait to be brought to light.  At top of the same hill stands an ancient castle, one of İzmir's landmarks, Kadifekale.
In Izmir, Turkey, there's been Old Smyrna on a small hill by the sea and was large enough only for a few thousand people. Therefore, the slopes of Mount Pagos (Kadifekale) was chosen for the foundation of the new city, for which Alexander the Great is credited.
Saint John the Apostle had spent his last years in the region around Ephesus and buried in the southern slope of Ayasuluk Hill. He reached around 100 years old. Three hundred years after his death, a small chapel was constructed over his grave in the 4th century. The Church of the Apostle John was changed into a marvelous basilica during the reign of Emperor Justinian I (527 -565 AD).
The first basilica of the world dedicated to Virgin Mary - Church of Mary is near the harbour of Ephesus and was the setting for the Third Ecumenical Council in 431, which resulted in the condemnation of Nestorius (when is was debated the name of Mary:Theotokos or Christotokos). In turkish language Church of Mary is Meryem Kilisesi.
Ephesus, one of the largest Roman archaeological sites in the eastern Mediterranean, important centre for Early Christianity from the AD 50s. From AD 52–54, the apostle John lived in Ephesus, working with the congregation and apparently organizing missionary activity into the hinterlands. Also Virgin Mary may have spent the last years of her life in the area. The city was famous for the nearby Temple of Artemis (completed around 550 BC), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
One indication that Virgin Mary died in Ephesus is the writing of John of Damascus that mentioned that Queen Pulcheria requested Bishop of Jerussalem to transport the scheleton of Virgin Mary to Constantinople. Probably she was 54 years old when she came to Ephesus and assumed at the age of 63. According to bible not only her soul but also her body was ascended. Her house in Ephesus was not known untill Catherine Emmerich, a paralysed german nun who never left Germany, had a vision and described it in detail to the writer Clemens Brentano who later published a book. Catherine Emmerich died in 1884. In 1891 priests and historians from Izmir read about her vision and found a little building which corresponded perfectly with Emmerich's descriptions.
Pamukkale, "cotton castle" in turkish language, is a town in western Turkey known for the mineral-rich thermal waters flowing down white travertine terraces on a nearby hillside. It neighbors Hierapolis, an ancient Roman spa city founded around 190 B.C. where ruins include a well-preserved theater.
Bodrum derives from Petronium, named by the Saint John's Knights or Castle of St. Peter.The site was formerly known as Halicarnassus. The word "mausoleum" derives from the Mausoleum of Mausolus, a tomb temple-type structure, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, in Halicarnassus (modern Bodrum.)
Marmaris Castle is located in Muğla province, Turkey. The castle was reconstructed by Suleyman the Magnificent during his expedition against Rhodes in 1522 AD.
Tlos or Tlawa is one of the six principal cities of Lycia (prehellenistic civilization living in southern Anatolia) wich formed together Lycian Federation from the 2nd century.The romans called it 'the very brilliant metropolis of the Lycian nation'.  It is one of the oldest and largest settlements of Lycia and was eventually inhabited even by Ottoman Turks, one of the few Lycian cities to continue its existence through the 19th century.
A legendary founder of Lycia (present also in Greek mythology) is Bellerophon, honoured at the Lycian city of Tlos where his body was supposedly laid to rest. A tomb relief of Bellerophon on Pegasus can be seen there and it is assumed that there was a cult center.
Xanthos was the name of a city in ancient Lycia, the site of present-day Kınık, Antalya Province. Was the capital city of the Lycian Federation and its greatest city for most of Lycian history. Dates back from the 8th century BC and was deserted during the first wave of Arab raids in the 7th century.
Kaş city is on a hill running down to the Turquoise Coast of southwestern Turkey. It was founded by the Lycians and its name in Lycian language Habesos / Habesa.
North of today's Demre city stands ancient city of Myra - was the leading city of the Lycian Federation in Byzantine times. Date of Myra's foundation is unknown, but survived until 11th century AD. The city was well known for a stunning temple dedicated to goddess Artemis Eleuthera or Cybele, the ancient mother goddess of Anatolia and also for the largest amphitheatre in Lycia and the rock-cut tombs carved in the cliff above the theatre.
St. Nicholas is celebrated especially in the East Church under Russian imperial patronage. He became the patron Saint of Greece and Russia as well as of children, sailors, merchants and travelers. Known for his charitable nature and famous for his miracles, several legends about him have been based on his kind and giving nature and have led to the development of Santa Claus.
Hagia Sophia
was a Greek Orthodox  Christian patriarchal church and later an imperial mosque, now is a museum in   Istanbul, Turkey.   Was and still is famous for its massive dome and it is said to have "changed the history of architecture". It remained the world's largest cathedral for a thousand of years.
Salah is one of the Five Pillars in the faith of Islam and an obligatory religious duty for every Muslim. It is a physical, mental, and spiritual act of worship that is observed five times every day at prescribed times. The Blue Mosque stands next to the bigger Hagia Sophia and was constructed between 1609 and 1616 during the rule of Ahmed I.  During the night the mosque is bathed in blue as lights frame the mosque’s five main domes, six minarets and eight secondary domes.