Sarajevo, capital and the largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina, arose during Ottomans rule. Is also the place were it took place the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie in 1914. This event started World War I and later ended Austro-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and resulted in the creation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Sarajevo is called also "Jerusalem of Europe" or "Jerusalem of the Balkans", even "Damascus of Europe".
Neretva River  flows through Mostar city and it is the fifth-largest city in the country. Mostar's name comes from the bridge keepers (mostari) who in the medieval times guarded Stari Most (Old Bridge).
It was built by the Ottomans in the 16th century. Today a perfect replica of Stari Most finished in 2004 connects the two banks of Neretva, 11 years after it was destroyed during the Bosnian War.